El corcho y su importancia en la conservación del vino.

Los tapones de corcho natural se han utilizado durante siglos en la industria del vino. Sin embargo, hay ciertos problemas que pueden afectar la calidad del producto.

La función del corcho es conservar el vino en buen estado durante su período de almacenamiento evitando que en él penetren el oxígeno y agentes desagradables como las bacterias y el moho.

El corcho se consigue de la corteza del alcornoque, árbol que crece en zonas con climas suaves que cuentan con muchas horas de sol y humedad, como el mediterráneo.  España y Portugal son los principales productores de corcho. El resto proviene del sur de Europa (Francia e Italia) y norte de África (Argelia y Marruecos).

Algunos de los principales problemas causados por los tapones de corcho naturales son: el deterioro, las fugas, el desmoronamiento y la mancha del vino (que también se conoce como “vino encorchado”). Por otro lado, también puede provocar un defecto conocido como TCA, o el olor a corcho (Tricloranonisol, que se libera por la presencia de un hongo que se puede encontrar en los tapones de corcho)

El corcho natural nos ha demostrado que es posible mantener las cualidades de un vino durante varias décadas y por tanto es de momento la mejor opción para el vino de guarda.

También existen los corchos aglomerados, que son aquellos formados por pequeñas porciones de corchos unidas entre sí. Son útiles para vinos de consumo inmediato.

Hace algunos años comenzó  a aparecer en diferentes bodegas el cierre de tapón de rosca.  Con todo lo que implicó su aceptación, el uso de la tapa Stelvin ha tenido éxito en países como Nueva Zelanda, Australia, Suiza y Estados Unidos, pioneros en esta costumbre y cuyos consumidores son considerados más abiertos a la innovación. Estas nuevas tecnologías aseguran una mayor conservación, principalmente en blancos y rosados, jóvenes, que no precisan de un corcho ya que no necesitan de una maduración más  en la botella.

Recuerden que los corchos se pueden utilizar para reciclar . Solamente hace falta creatividad.

 

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