Turismo & Vinos: Chile

Viajar a Chile, es descubrir un país con gran diversidad en sus paisajes como así también visitar las grandes bodegas que lo representan.

Sus características naturales, unidas a una geografía variada y única, logran una combinación perfecta para que la tierra entregue vinos de sabores diversos e inigualables.

Hay que destacar su desarrollo en forma latitudinal, es decir,  de N a S, que determina una gran presencia de la influencia del Océano Pacífico por su proximidad y de las hermosas montañas de la Cordillera de los Andes.  En todo su recorrido, se observan espacios geográficos diferentes, cada uno de ellos representados por grandes variaciones de suelos y climas.  Es aquí, donde se puede hablar de los factores que hacen que Chile tenga grandes zonas vitivinícolas. Ellos son : la helada corriente de Humboldt que influye brindando vientos hacia el interior, la influencia de la Cordillera de los Andes determinando variaciones de temperaturas y originando vientos hacia la zona costera;  y el origen de sus suelos con una gran diversidad en su composición.

Pero, ¿Cuáles son las áreas donde se concentran los grandes valles vitivinícolas?

El valle central es la zona principal. Hay que recordar que el cultivo de la vid es más ancho que alto, según la extensión y dirección N -S del país. Los factores mencionados hacen que los vientos continentales  provoquen un clima fresco en su borde costero,  obteniendo vinos con mayor acidez y elegancia de aromas. Esta zona, cuenta con veranos cálidos y secos, junto a inviernos fríos y lluviosos, ideales para los amantes de los vinos. La interacción entre los efectos del mar y la Cordillera de los Andes, es propicia en la estación de crecimiento de los viñedos que se deleitan en días soleados y temperaturas que tienen un baño espectacular cada noche, creando una amplia oscilación térmica diaria, que ayuda a las uvas de vino para desarrollar sabores frescos de la fruta, acidez, y en el caso de los vinos tintos, texturas maduras, de color profundo, y los altos niveles de antioxidantes y calidad.

La omnipresencia de las montañas cubiertas de nieve que se elevan sobre los valles, es una marca registrada, que trae consigo características únicas en el mundo. En los últimos años, un sinnúmero de viñedos se desarrollan desde lo alto de los picos montañosos, donde el sol tarda en aparecer desde el Este y compensa su llegada tardía con la intensidad. Corrientes de viento que suben y descienden a lo largo del día, para crear un péndulo diario de temperaturas, que oscilan ampliamente entre las máximas diurnas y mínimas nocturnas. Esto determina un escenario para cultivar las cepas emblemáticas chilenas.

 

El gráfico indica la circulación de vientos, factor que influye en las temperaturas, heladas, combinado con los suelos de origen aluvional, fluvial;  integrados por texturas de arcilla, arena, y limo.

 

En los mapas se pueden observar los valles de N a S. Cada uno con sus características paisajísticas que invitan a ser visitados, recorridos por  grandes ríos . Todos ellos cuentan con bodegas reconocidas a nivel nacional e internacional enmarcadas en el desarrollo del enoturismo.

 

Zona de valles vitivinícolas.

 

Los mejores viñedos de Chile se concentran en seis valles en el centro del país: Valle de Casablanca, Valle del Maipo, Valle del Maule, Valle de Curicó, Valle del Rapel y Valle de Colchagua. Principalmente cultivan variedades de uva francesas, refinando los ensambles y las técnicas de maduración con buenos resultados.

 

 

Este mosaico de climas y “terroirs”, hace que Chile sea unos de los principales productores y exportadores de vinos del Nuevo Mundo. A viajar, a descubrir sus valles y a  disfrutar de los buenos vinos chilenos!!

Web sites recomendables:

www.winesofchile.org

www.valledelmaule.cl

www.casablancavalley.cl

www.monteswine.com

http://www.viumanent.cl

 

 

 

 

 

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